At representatives of family Marattiyev additional kidneys which are stuffed up on stipules are formed. Large leaves of Marattiyev have characteristic prilistnikovy appendages which remain on stalks after leaf fall at the basis and serve not only the reserving bodies (in them starch collects), but also bodies of vegetative reproduction. The kidneys which are based upon stipules under favorable conditions give rise to new plants.
Flebodium golden made multiple copies rhizome sites. This plant has the thick, long, creeping on a substratum rhizome. The rhizome branches, forming lateral escapes. Lateral escapes (a rhizome site with a top kidney and leaves in number of 1-cut off and landed in separate pots.
The sort includes 30 types widespread in tropics. Outside a tropical zone meets in Japan and New Zealand. These are inhabitants of open places. A nephrolepis sublime – one of the first higher plants settling after eruption on slopes of volcanoes.
Leaves to 1 m of length, once plumose, a xiphoidal form, in the beginning the upright, then fan inclined. Leaf segments the gear. At garden forms of the Nephrolepis the geterofilliya can be observed, i.e. forms meet variously rassechenny leaves.
Optimum temperature is 15-20 ° C. It is photophilous though well grows and in a zateneniye. In the summer spraying is desirable. Grow up in pots with good aeration, in mix of the sheet earth, sand and peat. Breeds vegetativno and disputes.
At Puzyrnik of lukovitsenosny (Cystopteris bulbifera) growing in the damp woods on ravines, on limy rocks in North America, additional kidneys are formed on the lower party of leaves. Kidneys have a spherical form and remind lukovichka. They fall off and give rise to young plants. Thanks to vegetative reproduction this fern not only forms big thickets on one place, but also wins new territories.
The technology of cultivation of the Nephrolepis sublime is simpler. Young plants, from kidneys on land hundred-bosoms, easily take roots. For receiving mass material the maternal plant should be grown up in capacity with rather big surface area. The formed land stolona in case of need attached to a substratum a wire bracket. As soon as young plants took roots, connecting them with a maternal plant of a stolona cut off. Young plants were replaced in separate pots.
to family of Aspleniyevy (Aspleniaceae), order Tsiateynykh (Cyatheales). The family includes about 4 000 types of the land and epifitny ferns occupying mainly damp habitats. Characteristic signs of family are: diktiostelichesky rhizomes, the covered cheshuyam, sorusa supplied with the real pokryvalets.
The central place in family is taken by a sort Asplenium including about 700 types. Representatives of a sort are widespread practically in all areas of the globe, but their greatest variety is observed in tropics. The sort is characterized extended, linear or linearly - the oblong sorusa located usually on the one hand lateral veins slantwise in relation to an average vein and covered with a narrow pokryvalets. In culture most often meet Asplenium of nested (A. nidus) and Asplenium lukovitsenosny.
A peculiar form of vegetative reproduction is peculiar to a Far East fern to Krivokuchnik to Siberian (Camptosorus sibiricus). This look has integral leaves with strongly delayed top passing into a long plait. The plait comes to an end with a kidney which at contact with a substratum develops in a new plant. Wandering in such a way, the look wins to itself vital space.